Hitler was succeeded by Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz as Reich President and Goebbels as Reich Chancellor. Hitler and the nsdap prepared to take advantage of the emergency to gain support for their party. Soviet forces continued to push westward after the failed German offensive at the Battle of Kursk in the summer of 1943. Each group was subject to different regulations. Consolidation of power The SA leadership continued to apply pressure for greater political and military power. Outside of Germany, the Romani people were regularly used for forced labour, though many were killed. The nsdap anthem " Horst-Wessel-Lied " Horst Wessel Song became a second national anthem. Conway, John S (2001). Part of Poland was incorporated into the Reich, and the General Government was established in occupied central Poland. He permanently postponed the invasion, a plan which the commanders of the German army had never taken entirely seriously. Amsterdam; Atlanta, GA: Rodopi. National Socialist Cultural Policy. With the introduction of compulsory military service in 1935, the Reichswehr, which had been limited to 100,000 by the terms of the Versailles Treaty, expanded to 750,000 on active service at the start of World War II, with a million more in the reserve. Between twelve and fourteen million ethnic Germans fled or were expelled from central, eastern, and southeastern Europe to Germany. F Geography Territorial changes Main article: Territorial evolution of Germany As a result of their defeat in World War I and the resulting Treaty of Versailles, Germany lost Alsace-Lorraine, Northern Schleswig, and Memel. The 1942 harvest was good, and food supplies remained adequate in Western Europe. After the war started, slave labourers were extensively used. Speer improved production by centralising planning and control, reducing production of consumer goods, and using forced labour and slavery. The first concentration camps were established in March 1933. See Statistisches Jahrbuch 2006. Catholic schools were required to reduce religious instruction sites de rencontres gratuit pour les femmes site pour célibataire and crucifixes were removed from state buildings. Under Hitler's rule, Germany was transformed into a totalitarian state where nearly all aspects of life were controlled by the government. H Oppression of ethnic Poles Further information: Occupation of Poland (19391945) and Nazi crimes against the Polish nation Poles were viewed by Nazis as subhuman non-Aryans, and during the German occupation of Poland.7 million ethnic Poles were killed. They quickly conquered Luxembourg and the Netherlands. Busse, Reinhard; Riesberg, Annette (2004). As the bill required a two-thirds majority to pass, the Nazis used intimidation tactics as well as the provisions of the Reichstag Fire Decree to keep several Social Democratic deputies from attending, and the Communists had already been banned. Initially a small bodyguard unit under the auspices of the SA, the Schutzstaffel (SS; Protection Squadron) grew to become one of the largest and most powerful groups in Nazi Germany. These Commissars had the power to appoint and remove local governments, state parliaments, officials, and judges. A Concise History of Nazi Germany. Reichskommissariats took control of conquered areas and a German administration was established in the remainder of Poland. Mistreatment of Soviet POWs Further information: German mistreatment of Soviet prisoners of war The Nazis captured.75 million Soviet prisoners of war, more than they took from all the other Allied powers combined. Under threat of invasion by sea, Lithuania surrendered the Memel district in March 1939. The German Labour Front founded the Kraft durch Freude (KdF; Strength Through Joy) organisation in 1933. On 30 April, when Soviet troops were within two blocks of the Reich Chancellery, Hitler, along with his girlfriend and by then wife Eva Braun committed suicide. Several more attempts followed before the failed plot, which was at least partly motivated by the increasing prospect of a German defeat in the war. Up to 200 people were killed from 30 June to in an event that became known as the Night of the Long Knives. In addition, soldiers looted or purchased goods such as produce and clothingitems, which were becoming harder to obtain in Germanyfor shipment home.